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What are the artifacts of Benin people?

What are the artifacts of Benin people?

The various artifacts we call the Benin Bronzes include carved elephant tusks and ivory leopard statues, even wooden heads. The most famous items are 900 brass plaques, dating mainly from the 16th and 17th centuries, once nailed to pillars in Benin’s royal palace.

What did Britain loot from Benin?

Most of the plunder from the city was retained by the expedition with some 2,500 (official figures) religious artefacts, Benin visual history, mnemonics and artworks being sent to Britain. They include over a thousand metal plaques and sculptures collectively known as the Benin Bronzes.

What is Benin art known for?

The Kingdom of Benin has produced some of the most renowned examples of African art. There are an estimated 2,400 to 4,000 known objects including 300 bronze heads, 130 elephant tusks, and 850 relief plaques.

What is the name of the most famous piece of Benin art?

Benin Bronzes
While the collection is known as the Benin Bronzes, like most West African “bronzes” the pieces are mostly made of brass of variable composition….

Museum collections of Benin Bronzes
City Museum Number of pieces
Oxford Pitt Rivers Museum 327
Vienna Weltmuseum Wien 200

Do museums steal artifacts?

Museums around the world contain pieces that were stolen or taken by force during colonial rule. Today, many museums around the world contain art and artifacts that were stolen from their countries of origin during colonial rule or looted during war.

Why does the Oba of Benin wear red?

The colour red is not allowed near the Oba’s palace at all. Hence, palm kernel in its fruit form, which is as red as blood is considered a bad omen when seen around or in the Oba’s palace.

Who looted Africa?

Germany has agreed to return to Nigeria priceless artefacts that were stolen during the colonisation of Africa. British troops looted thousands of artworks known as the Benin Bronzes from the Kingdom of Benin, in present-day Nigeria, in 1897.

What finally destroyed the Benin Empire?

When the British tried to expand their own trade in the 19th century, the Benin people killed their envoys. So in 1897 the British sent an armed expedition which captured the king of Benin, destroyed his palace and took away large quantities of sculpture and regalia, including works in wood, ivory and especially brass.

What can we learn from the art of Benin?

Craft workers in Benin used lots of different materials. People worked with clay, wood and leather. Weavers used fibres from plants to make colourful cloth. The most precious materials were brass, coral and ivory.

What is the culture of Benin?

Benin’s culture remains deeply influenced by the legacy of the slave trade as well as by voodoo – the national religion. Explore festivals, fetishes, markets and palaces to gain a greater insight into this fascinating culture.

Do museums pay for artifacts?

Museums have funds to acquire items for their collections, but (as most museums are public or non-profit entities rather than private companies) it is a fairly drawn-out process with a lot of hoops to go through. There would be a written collecting policy in place, a committee or Board approval process, etc.

What is a famous artifact?

1. Rosetta Stone, Egypt. Singaporean in London. Discovered in Rosetta, Egypt by a French officer in 1799, this 2,200-year-old black basalt stone is now a famous artifact is inscribed in hieroglyphic, demotic and Greek and is believed to hold the key to deciphering hieroglyphics and Egypt’s past.

Where can I find pictures of Benin artefacts?

Please select photographs from below to laminate for your lessons. All the photographs can be found on British Museum on-line collection. I have copied them here to aid teachers with selecting appropriate photographs to use in their lessons.

When was the Benin State Ministry of Culture established?

Established in 1999, the Ministry, promotes hospitality industry, tourism investment and development for the preservation of arts, language and historical sites in 18 local government, using culture to stimulate State development. Below is a compilation of some pictures of Benin Empire stolen artefacts as seen around the world.

Where are the Benin Bronzes located in the world?

Figure: Leopard, Edo peoples, Nigeria, Court of Benin, 1550–1680. Courtesy of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. In the recent discussions about repatriation, the Benin bronzes have often been cited as a prime example of African heritage that is housed chiefly in European and North American museums.

Where can I learn more about Benin history?

More about Benin’s past can be learned at the Abomey Historical Museum just outside of Porto Novo. Benin’s culture is as rich and diverse as its landscape. With strong religious roots to inform most of the traditions, Benin’s culture is certainly one of the most unique and interesting in Africa.