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## How much does it cost to change a spanning tree?

By changing the STP port costs with the command spanning tree [vlan vlan-id] cost cost, you can modify the STP forwarding path. You can lower a path that is currently an alternate port while making it designated, or you can raise the cost on a port that is designated to turn it into a blocking port.

## How is STP cost calculated?

SW3 receives BPDUs on its 10 Mbit interface (cost 100) and on its 1000 Mbit interface (cost 4). It will use its 1000 Mbit interface as its root port (shortest path to the root bridge is 19+19+4=42)….Spanning-Tree Cost Calculation.

Bandwidth Cost
10 Mbit 100
100 Mbit 19
1000 Mbit 4

What is the default STP port cost of a Cisco switch?

The 802.1D STP is a Layer 2 management protocol that provides path redundancy in a network while preventing undesirable loops….Calculating the Port Cost Using the Short Method.

Port Speed Default Cost Value Default Range
10 Mbps 100 1 to 65535
100 Mbps 19 1 to 65535
1 Gbps 4 1 to 65535

What is spanning tree priority?

The priority range is 0 to 61440 in increments of 4096. The default is 32768. The lower the number the more likely the switch will be chosen as the root switch. Valid priority values are multiples of 4096.

### What is STP path cost?

The path cost is the metric STP uses to calculate the shortest path to the elected root bridge. The path cost is based on the speed of the bridge port interface. You can confirm the path cost method being used on your Cisco switch with “show spanning-tree summary” command.

### Can a spanning tree have cycles?

Some properties of a spanning tree can be deduced from this definition: Since “a spanning tree covers all of the vertices”, it cannot be disconnected. A spanning tree cannot have any cycles and consist of (n−1) edges (where n is the number of vertices of the graph) because “it uses the minimum number of edges​”.

What is STP port cost?

The default port cost is defined by the speed at which the port operates. As shown in Table 3-1, 10 Gbps Ethernet ports have a port cost of 2, 1 Gbps Ethernet ports have a port cost of 4, 100 Mbps Fast Ethernet ports have a port cost of 19, and 10 Mbps Ethernet ports have a port cost of 100.

What is STP state?

There are five STP switchport states; these are: Disabled – The result of an administrative command that will disable the port. Blocking – When a device is connected, the port will first enter the blocking state. Listening -The switch will listen for and send BPDUs. Forwarding – The port is forwarding traffic.

## What are the five STP port states?

The ports on a switch with enabled Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) are in one of the following five port states.

• • Blocking.
• • Listening.
• • Learning.
• • Forwarding.
• • Disabled.

## What is the highest spanning tree priority?

The default priority is 32768, and additional roots are set below this number. STP increments priority by 4096, so the next priority is 4096 below 32768. The lower the number, the higher the priority.

When should I disable spanning tree?

The most common reason for disabling spanning tree is that the original 802.1D Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) goes through a fairly lengthy wait period from the time a port becomes electrically active to when it starts to pass traffic.

What is STP used for?

Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is a Layer 2 protocol that runs on bridges and switches. The specification for STP is IEEE 802.1D. The main purpose of STP is to ensure that you do not create loops when you have redundant paths in your network. Loops are deadly to a network.