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Is gastric lavage done in paracetamol poisoning?

Is gastric lavage done in paracetamol poisoning?

Key results: activated charcoal, gastric lavage, and ipecacuanha may reduce absorption of paracetamol if started within one to two hours of paracetamol ingestion, but the clinical benefit was unclear. Activated charcoal seems to be the best choice if the person is able to take it.

What is the antidote used in paracetamol poisoning?

Acetylcysteine has long been recognized as an effective antidote, via oral or intravenous administration, minimizing the risk and severity of acute liver injury if administered sufficiently early after a paracetamol overdose.

In which poisoning gastric lavage is contraindicated?

Gastric lavage is contraindicated in patients with an unprotected airway, with ingestions of substances that carry a high risk of aspiration (e.g., hydrocarbons) or that are corrosive, with ingestion of sharp objects, with an underlying pathologic condition that increases the risk of hemorrhage or gastric perforation.

How is paracetamol broken down?

When the liver processes a recommended dose of paracetamol, most of the drug is broken down by acid into water-soluble forms that can be passed in the urine or exported to the bile: this is called the sulfation pathway. Around five per cent is turned into a toxin called N Acetyl-p-Benzo Quinone Imine (NAPQI).

How long does paracetamol stay in your system?

When taken as directed, a dose of Paracetamol, the active ingredient in Panadol, is eliminated from the body within 24 hours in most healthy people1.

What is the antidote for iron?

Deferoxamine (desferal)–a new antidote for iron poisoning.

Why is gastric lavage contraindicated in kerosene poisoning?

Avoid gastric lavage because of the risk of inhalation and hence pneumonitis. If very large amounts of kerosene have been ingested less than an hour earlier then lavage may be considered if the airway can be protected by expert intubation.

What are the complications of gastric lavage?


  • Incomplete decontamination leading to severe intoxication despite the procedure.
  • Pulmonary aspiration.
  • Hypoxia.
  • Laryngospasm.
  • Mechanical injury to the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Water intoxication (especially in children)
  • Hypothermia.
  • Distraction of staff from resuscitation and supportive care priorities.

What is the mechanism of paracetamol poisoning?

In cases of paracetamol overdose, the sulfate and glucuronide pathways become saturated, and more paracetamol is shunted to the cytochrome P450 system to produce NAPQI. As a result, hepatocellular supplies of glutathione become depleted, as the demand for glutathione is higher than its regeneration.

What enzyme breaks down paracetamol?

At therapeutic doses, paracetamol is predominantly metabolized by hepatic sulfation and glucuronidation, with less than 5%–10% being metabolized by the hepatic CYP system (predominantly CYP2E1 and CYP3A4) to N-acetyl-p-benzoquinoneimine (NAPQI), a highly reactive intermediate metabolite responsible for paracetamol- …

How to get rid of paracetamol in the stomach?

Interventions for paracetamol (acetaminophen) overdose. The agents include activated charcoal (that binds paracetamol together in the stomach), gastric lavage (stomach washout to remove as much paracetamol as possible), or ipecacuanha (a syrup that is swallowed and causes vomiting (being sick)).

What are some of the interventions for paracetamol poisoning?

Other interventions to treat paracetamol poisoning include medicines (antidotes) that may decrease the amount of the toxic products (such as a medicine called cimetidine) or breakdown the toxic products (including medicines called methionine, cysteamine, dimercaprol, or acetylcysteine).

Are there any randomised clinical trials for paracetamol overdose?

Randomised clinical trials assessing benefits and harms of interventions in people who have ingested a paracetamol overdose. The interventions could have been gastric lavage, ipecacuanha, or activated charcoal, or various extracorporeal treatments, or antidotes.

What happens if you take too much paracetamol?

However, a small amount of the medicine is converted into a toxic product that the liver can normally handle but, when large amounts of paracetamol are taken, the liver is overwhelmed. As a consequence, the toxic product can damage the liver leading to liver failure, kidney failure, and in some cases death.