Categories :

Which anemia is macrocytic hypochromic?

Which anemia is macrocytic hypochromic?

resulting from vitamin C deficiency; hypochromic macrocytic anemia, caused by folate deficiency, vitamin B12 deficiency, or certain chemotherapeutic agents; and pernicious anemia, resulting from vitamin B12 deficiency.

What is microcytic hypochromic anemia?

Abstract. Microcytic anemia is defined as the presence of small, often hypochromic, red blood cells in a peripheral blood smear and is usually characterized by a low MCV (less than 83 micron 3). Iron deficiency is the most common cause of microcytic anemia.

What causes microcytic hypochromic anemia?

Iron deficiency hypochromic microcytic anemia is caused due to disruption of iron supply in diet due to decreased iron content in the diet, pathology the small intestines like sprue and chronic diarrhea, gastrectomy, and deficiency of vitamin C in the diet.

Is macrocytic Normochromic anemia?

Macrocytosis is a condition in which your red blood cells are larger than they should be. While it isn’t a condition of its own, macrocytosis is a sign that you have an underlying health condition and may lead to a severe form of anemia called macrocytic normochromic anemia.

Can Microcytic Hypochromic anemia be cured?

Treatment can be relatively straightforward if simple nutrient deficiencies are the cause of microcytic anemia. As long as the underlying cause of the anemia can be treated, the anemia itself can be treated and even cured. In very severe cases, untreated microcytic anemia can become dangerous.

What is the treatment for macrocytic anemia?

Management of macrocytosis consists of finding and treating the underlying cause. In the case of vitamin B-12 or folate deficiency, treatment may include diet modification and dietary supplements or injections. If the underlying cause is resulting in severe anemia, you might need a blood transfusion.

What is the most common cause of macrocytic anemia?

Vitamin B12 Deficiency Vitamin B12 deficiency is the most common cause of megaloblastic anemia.

Is microcytic Hypochromic anemia fatal?

As long as the underlying cause of the anemia can be treated, the anemia itself can be treated and even cured. In very severe cases, untreated microcytic anemia can become dangerous. It can cause tissue hypoxia. This is when the tissue is deprived of oxygen.

What does microcytic and hypochromic mean?

Hypochromic means that the red blood cells have less hemoglobin than normal. Low levels of hemoglobin in your red blood cells leads to appear paler in color. In microcytic hypochromic anemia, your body has low levels of red blood cells that are both smaller and paler than normal. Most microcytic anemias are hypochromic.

What does microcytic anemia stand for?

Microcytic Anaemia (MA) is a term that is used to describe a condition in which the oxygen requirement by the body organs are not met due to smaller sized red blood cells. The condition arises when the body is unable to make an adequate amount of haemoglobin due to deficiency of iron in the body.

What are the effects of hyper-chromic anemia?

Some of the common symptoms associated with hypochromic anemia include: Weakness and generalized fatigue are common symptoms associated with this condition. The skin often looks pale and the nails become brittle and white. The heart rate increases to more than 100 beats per minute. Clinical depression is observed in some individuals associated with the disease.

What is the prognosis of pernicious anemia?

If diagnosed and treated promptly, pernicious anemia has a good prognosis and the risk of serious permanent complications, such as dementia and memory loss, can be minimized. Treatment of pernicious anemia generally includes monthly injections of vitamin B12. Some people may also need to take oral supplements and/or more frequent injections.