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What is subaltern According to Gramsci?

What is subaltern According to Gramsci?

subaltern classes refer fundamentally in Gramsci‟s words. to any “low rank” person or group of people in a particular. society suffering under hegemonic domination of a ruling. elite class that denies them the basic rights of. participation in the making of local history and culture as.

What is Spivak’s subaltern theory?

Spivak asserts that the subaltern subject is heterogeneous and, by examining the mechanisms of the supposed ‘recovery’ of their voice, instead an ongoing displacement and effacement is revealed. The key subject position disentangled by Spivak is that of the female subaltern and the practice of sati or widow immolation.

Who is the exponent of subaltern studies in India?

Historians who use this term take it from Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937), an Italian Marxist and Communist who was imprisoned for a long time by Mussolini’s police (from 1926) until his death at age 46. In prison, he wrote notebooks on politics and history and philosophy.

Why is subaltern studies important in understanding Indian society?

Subaltern studies analyzes the “binary relationship” of the subaltern and ruling classes, and thus studies the interplay of dominance and subordination in colonial systems, most notably India, though the methods of the movement have since been applied to other nations, spaces, and historical moments.

Who are subalterns in India?

Since the 1970s, the term subaltern denoted the colonized peoples of the Indian subcontinent, imperial history told from below, from the perspective of the colonised peoples, rather than from the perspective of the colonisers from Western Europe.

What subaltern means?

subaltern. noun. Definition of subaltern (Entry 2 of 2) 1 : a person holding a subordinate position specifically : a junior officer (as in the British army) 2 : a particular proposition that follows immediately from a universal.

Who is the subaltern in India?

What is subaltern voice?

The subaltern does not have a voice. Indeed, technically, once a subaltern has a voice, they are no longer the subaltern. They become Other, merely altern. From this theoretical insight, a sub-set of post-colonial studies, the Subaltern Studies Group, attempted to find the trace of the subaltern in Indian history.

What does subaltern mean in logic?

denoting the relation of one proposition to another when the first proposition is implied by the second but the second is not implied by the first. (in Aristotelian logic) denoting the relation of a particular proposition to a universal proposition having the same subject, predicate, and quality.

Who is the father of subaltern history?

Ranajit Guha
Ranajit Guha (born 23 May 1923, in Siddhakati, Backergunje) is a historian of the Indian Subcontinent who has been vastly influential in the Subaltern Studies group, and was the editor of several of the group’s early anthologies.

Are Subcontraries valid?

However, it is still possible for subcontraries to BOTH be true. For example, “Some humans are female” AND “Some humans are not female” are both true. (3) Subalternation: A relation that holds only between “A” (All S are P) and ”I” (Some S are P) propositions.

Can Subcontraries both be true?

Subcontraries can both be true, they cannot both be false.

Why is Subaltern Studies important in history of India?

According to Ranajit Guha, subaltern studies intervened in historical schools of thought that could not represent the history of nationalism in India without celebrating the role the elites played in bringing the larger nation into the discourse.

What does Ranajit Guha mean by Subaltern Studies?

Within “subaltern studies,” a term first used by Ranajit Guha, the word “subaltern” stands as “a name for the general attribute of subordination in South Asian society whether this is expressed in terms of class, caste, age, gender and office or in any other way” (“Preface” 35).

Which is a hallmark work of Subaltern Studies?

Ranajit Guha, in what is considered a hallmark work of subaltern studies, Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency in Colonial India, pluralizes the discourses of power by refusing to conflate capital and modernity in the extant histories.

Who are the subalterns in post colonial India?

The subalterns are the disempowered people excluded from the political and national representation in post-colonial nations such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, etc. Subaltern groups in India include all the oppressed people, like peasants and workers, tribals and lower caste women and dalits.