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## What is path pushing algorithm?

Path-Pushing Algorithms. In path-pushing algorithms, distributed deadlocks are detected by maintaining an explicit global WFG. The basic idea is to build a global WFG for each site of the distributed system.

Which is true about the Ho Ramamurthy algorithm?

HO Ramamurthy (One Phase Algorithm) – In this technique a resource status table and a process table is maintained by the central or control site if the cycle is detected in both processes and resource tables then, the system is declared as deadlock.

### What is Wfg in distributed system?

Explanation: The state of the system can be modeled by directed graph, called a wait for graph (WFG). In a WFG , nodes are processes and there is a directed edge from node P1 to node P2 if P1 is blocked and is waiting for P2 to release some resource.

Is a distributed deadlock detection algorithm?

We propose an algorithm for detecting deadlocks among transactions running concurrently in a distributed processing network (i.e., a distributed database system). The proposed algorithm is a distributed deadlock detection algorithm.

#### What is the drawback of Banker’s algorithm?

Disadvantages of the Banker’s Algorithm It requires the number of processes to be fixed; no additional processes can start while it is executing. It requires that the number of resources remain fixed; no resource may go down for any reason without the possibility of deadlock occurring.

Which algorithm is used for detecting deadlocks?

The Banker’s algorithm is a resource allocation and deadlock avoidance algorithm developed by Edsger Dijkstra. This prevents a single thread from entering the same lock more than once.

## What are deadlock prevention techniques?

Deadlocks can be prevented by preventing at least one of the four required conditions:

1. 7.4.1 Mutual Exclusion. Shared resources such as read-only files do not lead to deadlocks.
2. 2 Hold and Wait.
3. 3 No Preemption.
4. 4 Circular Wait.

What is an unsafe state?

In an Unsafe state, the operating system cannot prevent processes from requesting resources in such a way that any deadlock occurs. It is not necessary that all unsafe states are deadlocks; an unsafe state may lead to a deadlock.

### How deadlock is detected?

In order to get rid of deadlocks, The OS periodically checks the system for any deadlock. The OS can detect the deadlocks with the help of Resource allocation graph. In single instanced resource types, if a cycle is being formed in the system then there will definitely be a deadlock.

What are the two main challenges in the deadlock detection algorithm?

There are two main issues in deadlock detection: Detecting the deadlock; Resolving (fixing, recovering from) the deadlock….

• Killing a process in the cycle(s);
• Preempting the resources from a process in the cycle(s);
• Rolling back a process in the cycle(s).

#### What is safe state in banker’s algorithm?

In a safe state, at least one process should be able to acquire its maximum possible set of resources, and proceed to termination. When the system receives a request for resources, it runs the Banker’s algorithm to determine if it is safe to grant the request.

What is the use of Banker’s algorithm?

What is Banker’s Algorithm? Banker’s Algorithm is used majorly in the banking system to avoid deadlock. It helps you to identify whether a loan will be given or not. This algorithm is used to test for safely simulating the allocation for determining the maximum amount available for all resources.

## How is Obermarck’s path pushing algorithm designed for distributed database systems?

Obermarck’s Path-Pushing Algorithm designed for distributed database systems processes are called “transactions” T1, T2, źTn there is special virtual node Ex transactions are totally ordered How can we totally order the transactions? Obermarck’s Path-Pushing Algorithm wait for info from previous iteration of Step 3

How does Ho-Ramamoorthy algorithm check for deadlocks?

Ho-Ramamoorthy Algorithm: Two-Phase each site maintains table with status of all local processes control site periodically requests status from all sites, builds WFG, and checks for deadlock if deadlock detected, control site repeats status requests, but throws out transactions that have changed May still report false deadlocks.

### How are probes sent in a distributed detection algorithm?

Classification of Distributed Detection Algorithms path-pushing path information transmitted, accumulated edge-chasing “I’m waiting for you” probes are sent along edges single returned probe indicates a cycle diffusion “Are you blocked?” probes are sent along all edges all queries returned indicates a cycle global state detection