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What are insecticide resistant crops?

What are insecticide resistant crops?

Corn, cotton and potatoes are three of the many commercial crops targeted for Bt insect resistance.

Which plant is resistant to insect pest?

Antibiosis and antixenosis resistance cause an insect response when the insect attempts to use the resistant plant for food, oviposition, or shelter. Advantages to the Use of Insect-Resistant Crop Varieties: Use of insect-resistant crop varieties is economically, ecologically, and environmentally advantageous.

How are insect-resistant plants produced?

However, insect-resistant plants can be developed by expressing genes coding for plant resistance isolated from the other plant species. Bacillus thuringiensis bacterium containing the gene cry was introduced into the plant to produce the first transgenic insect-resistant plant.

What makes insects resistant to pesticides?

Insects are known for their ability to develop resistance to insecticides. Upon exposure to insecticides, insects that do not carry the resistance genes die, thus allowing the individuals with the resistance genes to survive and reproduce, creating more resistant insects.

What vegetables are pest resistant?

The Best Bug Resistant Vegetables to Grow

  • Garlic, Onions and Leeks. Closely related members of the Alliaceae family, garlic (Allium sativum var.
  • Radishes.
  • Rhubarb.
  • New Zealand Spinach.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of genetically modified crops?

The pros of GMO crops are that they may contain more nutrients, are grown with fewer pesticides, and are usually cheaper than their non-GMO counterparts. The cons of GMO foods are that they may cause allergic reactions because of their altered DNA and they may increase antibiotic resistance.

What is disease resistant?

Disease resistance is the ability to prevent or reduce the presence of diseases in otherwise susceptible hosts. It can arise from genetic or environmental factors, such as incomplete penetrance. Disease tolerance is different as it is the ability of a host to limit the impact of disease on host health.

How the tomato plant is made resistant to some insect pests?

For example, the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis produces a toxin extremely poisonous to certain species of insects. The gene which produces this toxin has been introduced into tomato plants. It gives them built-in resistance to a range of insect pests, but is not poisonous to humans.

What is insecticide resistance?

Insecticide resistance is defined as the increased ability of an insect to withstand or overcome the effects of one or more insecticides, in our case, pyrethroids, by resisting the toxic effects of insecticides through natural selection and mutation. From: Biosystems, 2018.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of genetically modified plants?

How do you fix pesticide resistance?

Managing Pesticide Resistance

  1. Minimize Pesticide Use. Minimizing pesticide use is fundamental to pesticide resistance management.
  2. Avoid Tank Mixes. Avoid combinations (mixes) of two insecticides or miticides in a single application.
  3. Avoid Persistent Chemicals.
  4. Use Long-term Rotations.

How can pesticide resistance be reduced?

Using pesticides in a random manner will cause pests, diseases and weeds to rapidly develop resistance. Help to avoid this by adopting an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategy. 4. Delay resistance development by rotating different a.i. groups and restrict their use to certain periods of the year.