How tall do espalier fruit trees grow?
6 to 8 feet tall
A typical espalier is 6 to 8 feet tall, with three to four sets of horizontal branches. Your goal is to keep the tree in bounds. Fruit yields will be proportionately much greater from an espalier than from a full-size tree.
What wire do you use for espalier?
14 gauge wire is necessary for rows of cordons and espaliers, the thinner 16 gauge wire is fine for fan-trained trees and soft fruit. The wire needs to be held away from the stand out from the wall or fence by about 2-4 inches / 5-10 cms. You can use wooden battens or angled metal angle brackets to do this.
Which trees are best to espalier?
Which fruit trees espalier best? Apple and pear are the usual choices. Apple trees are a little easier because new stems don’t harden as quickly as pear trees, and are therefore a little more forgiving when you go to bend them toward your support wires. Peaches and pomegranates also espalier well.
How far apart do you plant espalier fruit trees?
If you choose to train the trees into an espalier, you will need room for the widely splayed branches. In this case, trees should be spaced about 4-5 feet (1-1.5 m.) apart. If you are training the trees to espalier vertically, they can be planted as close together as the above hedge trees.
How close can you plant espalier trees?
These trees would normally be planted between 4 and 8 feet apart. However, as an espalier they can grow as close as 2 feet apart within a row, if kept to 5 feet tall. The general guideline for row spacing is to place rows twice as far apart as tree spacing.
What is the difference between pleached and espalier?
Pleached & Espalier Trees. Pleached trees are created by training trees to a square frame, tying in and interlacing flexible young shoots along a supporting framework; creating a slim canopy. Espalier trees is the term used for pleached fruit trees, designed so that sun can shine on the fruit.
What trees are good for espalier?
Apple and pear trees are the traditional espalier subject because their spurs live for years producing fruit (although certain cultivars are better than others) and they have supple, easily trained new growth, but other fruit trees that sometimes are espaliered include fig (Ficus carica), peaches, cherries and …
How much space do you need between espalier?
The space between each branch is 16 inches. This spacing may look too wide when the plant is young, but it fills in quickly as the tree matures.
What is the best fruit tree to espalier?
How does an espalier tree fit in a space?
Espalier is an ancient method of shaping a woody plant to fit certain spaces. Traditionally these are fruit producing trees and they are shaped using trellis and support to fit into a two dimensional space. It is a great method to fit fruiting trees in small spaces such as against a building or fence.
Which is the best espalier trellis for vines?
Espalar Surface Mounted Heavy Duty Universal Espalier/Trellis Kit for Climbing Plants, Vines and greenwalls (Wire Included). . Only 6 left in stock – order soon.
Where do you plant an espalier fruit tree?
Where to Plant Your Espaliered Tree 1 Against a wall (usually brick or stucco) 2 Along a fence, trellis or pergola 3 Across a set of sturdy free-standing posts and horizontal wires (as many wine grapes are grown) More
What does the art of espalier really mean?
The art of espalier is all about selectively pruning and training to a desired shape. Follow these steps and learn how to espalier fruit trees. Espalier is the ancient horticultural art of pruning and training a tree or shrub to grow flat against a support, creating a living sculpture.