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## What are the three energy levels of electrons?

Each principal energy level above the first contains one s orbital and three p orbitals. A set of three p orbitals, called the p sublevel, can hold a maximum of six electrons. Therefore, the second level can contain a maximum of eight electrons – that is, two in the s orbital and 6 in the three p orbitals.

## Do electrons have 4 energy levels?

18 electrons
The fourth energy level has 18 electrons. The fourth energy level of the periodic table includes the 4s 3d and 4p orbitals. The 4p orbital holds 6 electrons.

How do you find the energy level of an electron?

A simple expression for the energy of an electron in the hydrogen atom is:

1. E=−13.6n2 where the energy is in electron volts.
2. n is the principle quantum number.
3. So for an electron in n=1 :
4. E=−13.6eV.
5. To convert to joules you can x this by 1.6×10−19.

What are the energy levels of electrons called?

These zones are known as energy levels (or sometimes called electron shells). At the lowest energy level, the one closest to the atomic center, there is a single 1s orbital that can hold 2 electrons. At the next energy level, there are four orbitals; a 2s, 2p1, 2p2, and a 2p3.

### Which electron has the highest energy?

Valence electrons
Valence electrons are the highest energy electrons in an atom and are therefore the most reactive.

### Why do electrons in higher energy levels have more energy?

As you go farther from the nucleus, electrons at higher energy levels have more energy. The maximum number of electrons at a given energy level depends on its number of orbitals. There are at most two electrons per orbital. Electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom are called valence electrons.

What is energy of an electron?

The energy of an electron is of the same order of magnitude (is in the same range) as the energy of light. The lines in the spectrum of an element represent changes in the energy of electrons within the atoms of that element. The energy of an electron depends on its location with respect to the nucleus of an atom.

What is the highest energy level?

What is it meant by the highest occupied energy level in an atom? The highest occupied energy level in an atom is the electron-containing main energy level with the highest number.

## Why do electrons move to higher energy levels?

An electron will jump to a higher energy level when excited by an external energy gain such as a large heat increase or the presence of an electrical field, or collision with another electron.

## What is the 2 8 8 rule in chemistry?

There is a 2-8-8 rule for these elements. The first shell is filled with 2 electrons, the second is filled with 8 electrons, and the third is filled with 8. You can see that sodium (Na) and magnesium (Mg) have a couple of extra electrons. They, like all atoms, want to be happy.

Is it 8 or 18 electrons in third shell?

So the third shell can be considered to hold 8 or 18 electrons but in total the third shell can hold 18 electrons.