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What are commutator segments?

What are commutator segments?

Commutator segments are connected to the coils of the armature, with the number of coils (and commutator segments) depending on the speed and voltage of the machine. Each conducting segment of the commutator is insulated from adjacent segments. Mica was used on early machines and is still used on large machines.

Which parts of your motor are the commutator?

In a motor, the commutator is the part of the rotary electrical switch that moves. The other part of the rotary switch is a set of two or more brushes. The brushes conduct electrical currents between a rotating shaft and stationary wires.

How do you find the commutator segment?

The number of commutator segment is equal to number of coils or segment. The minimum number of segments is (E×P/15) where E = induced voltage, P = number of poles. The diameter of the commutator is generally lies between 0.6 to 0.8 of armature diameter. For small machine this value can be extended up to 0.9 .

What is the function of commutator segments in dc machines?

The commutator on the DC generator converts the AC into pulsating DC. The commutator assures that the current from the generator always flows in one direction. The brushes ride on the commutator and make good electrical connections between the generator and the load.

Why are brushes used in DC motor?

They can either be graphite or precious metal brushes which have electrical motor connections. To supply power to the rotor we put in place a brush system and each of the brushes have a direct voltage symbol (+/-). The brushes are connected to the commutator bars which allows the current to flow into the winding.

What is difference between commutator and slip rings?

The main difference is that commutator is used for the conversion of AC to DC. Slip rings are used in AC motors to provide a continuous transfer of power whereas the commutators are used in DC motors to reverse the polarity of the current in the armature windings.

What are the main parts of a DC motor?

DC motors include two key components: a stator and an armature. The stator is the stationary part of a motor, while the armature rotates. In a DC motor, the stator provides a rotating magnetic field that drives the armature to rotate.

What is the other name for commutator segment pitch of DC machine?

8. What is the other name for commutator segment pitch of DC machines? Explanation: Commutator segment pitch is otherwise known as the width of the commutator.

What is in a DC motor?

A DC motor consists of an stator, an armature, a rotor and a commutator with brushes. Opposite polarity between the two magnetic fields inside the motor cause it to turn. DC motors are the simplest type of motor and are used in household appliances, such as electric razors, and in electric windows in cars.

What are the parts of DC motor?

What are DC Motor Parts and how they work?

  • Stator. A stator is one of the DC motor parts that is, as the name suggests, a static unit containing the field windings.
  • Rotor.
  • Yoke.
  • Poles.
  • Field Windings.
  • Armature Windings.
  • DC Motor Commutator.
  • Brushes.

What is DC motor principle?

The basic working principle of the DC motor is that whenever a current carrying conductor places in the magnetic field, it experiences a mechanical force. Fleming’s left-hand rule and its magnitude decide the direction of this force.

Are slip rings used in DC motor?

As we know, a slip ring is a device that is used to transmit the power and electrical signal from a stator to a rotor. Thus, we can say the slip ring is used in a device which requires the transmission of power to the rotating structure. In a d.c electric motor, the commutators are used instead of slip rings.

What is the purpose of a commutator on a DC motor?

On DC and most AC motors the purpose of the commutator is to insure that the current flowing through the rotor windings is always in the same direction, and the proper coil on the rotor is energized in respect to the field coils.

How are the segments of a commutator separated?

Parts of the commutator. The segments of the commutator are usually made of copper and are separated from each other by mica insulation. The mica is cut so that it lies below the copper segments. Slots are cut in the riser on the commutator to facilitate the soldering of the ends of the coils.

What kind of ring is a commutator made of?

The commutator itself is a split ring, typically made of copper, with each segment of the ring attached to each end of the armature coil. If the armature has multiple coils, the commutator will similarly have multiple segments—one for each end of each coil.

How are the windings on the armature and the commutator segment related?

The windings on the armature and the commutator segments have resistance and in the case of the d.c. generator, part of the e.m.f. generated is used in passing the armature current through this resistance. The output voltage is less than the e.m.f. generated and is given by the relationship