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## What is the atmospheric pressure in physics?

That pressure is called atmospheric pressure, or air pressure. It is the force exerted on a surface by the air above it as gravity pulls it to Earth. Atmospheric pressure is commonly measured with a barometer. In a barometer, a column of mercury in a glass tube rises or falls as the weight of the atmosphere changes.

## What is atmospheric pressure short note?

Atmospheric pressure is a force in an area pushed against a surface by the weight of the atmosphere of Earth, a layer of air. The air is not distributed evenly around the globe. It moves, and at different times, the layer of air is thicker in some places than in others. The SI unit for pressure is hPa.

What is atmospheric pressure explain with an example?

Examples of Atmospheric Pressure However, there is atmospheric pressure on surface of liquid. When we release the bulb, the water moves inside the tube. Water moves from higher pressure (from water kept) to lower pressure (inside the glass tube).

### What is atmospheric pressure caused by short answer?

Atmospheric pressure is caused by the gravitational attraction of the planet on the atmospheric gases above the surface and is a function of the mass of the planet, the radius of the surface, and the amount and composition of the gases and their vertical distribution in the atmosphere.

### What is difference between pressure and atmospheric pressure?

Air pressure is the pressure exerted by the air around us while Atmospheric pressure is the pressure exerted by the atmosphere on the earth. …

How do you calculate atmospheric pressure?

Atmospheric pressure is the pressure caused by the mass of our gaseous atmosphere. It can be measured using mercury in the equation atmospheric pressure = density of mercury x acceleration due to gravity x height of column of mercury.

#### What is the SI unit of atmospheric pressure?

pascal (Pa)
The unit of pressure in the SI system is the pascal (Pa), defined as a force of one Newton per square meter. The conversion between atm, Pa, and torr is as follows: 1 atm = 101325 Pa = 760 torr.

#### What is the importance of atmospheric pressure?

– Atmospheric pressure has important effects on water chemistry and weather conditions ….. -Atmospheric pressure supports sunny, clear, and favorable weather conditions, but lower levels promotes rainy and cloudy weather conditions.

What are two common examples of pressure?

A simple example of pressure may be seen by holding a knife to a piece of fruit. If you hold the flat part of the knife against the fruit, it won’t cut the surface. The force is spread out of a large area (low pressure).

## What is the value of atmospheric pressure?

about 14.7 pounds per square inch
(atm) unit of measurement equal to air pressure at sea level, about 14.7 pounds per square inch. Also called standard atmospheric pressure.

## What is the reason for atmospheric pressure?

Air pressure is caused by the weight of the air molecules above. Even tiny air molecules have some weight, and the huge numbers of air molecules that make up the layers of our atmosphere collectively have a great deal of weight, which presses down on whatever is below.

What is the relationship between atmospheric pressure and pressure?

Air pressure is the pressure exerted by the air around us while Atmospheric pressure is the pressure exerted by the atmosphere on the earth. Air pressure is measured by tore gauge while atmospheric pressure is measured using mercury barometer.

### How is surface pressure related to atmospheric pressure?

Surface pressure. Surface pressure is the atmospheric pressure at a location on Earth’s surface (terrain and oceans). It is directly proportional to the mass of air over that location. For numerical reasons, atmospheric models such as general circulation models (GCMs) usually predict the nondimensional logarithm of surface pressure.

### How are the motions of the atmosphere three dimensional?

Atmospheric motions are generally three-dimensional; air parcels change altitude (and pressure) as they are advected by the winds.

How is the pressure of the air around you measured?

The air around you has weight, and it presses against everything it touches. That pressure is called atmospheric pressure, or air pressure. It is the force exert ed on a surface by the air above it as gravity pulls it to Earth. Atmospheric pressure is commonly measured with a barometer.

#### How does wind affect the motion of the atmosphere?

These gradients in energy input produce gradients in energy content that is available to generate atmospheric motions. By transporting energy, winds generally act to offset the effects of these heating variations on atmospheric temperature.