What does the superficial circumflex iliac supply?
The superficial circumflex iliac artery is the smallest cutaneous branch of the common femoral artery. It contributes to the arterial supply of the anterolateral abdominal wall and groin.
What is the circumflex vein?
1. circumflex vein – any of several curved parallel veins accompanying arteries of the same name. vena circumflexa. circumflex iliac vein, vena circumflexa ilium – accompanies the artery of the same name.
What is the function of the iliac vein?
The union of the internal and external iliac veins creates the common iliac vein, while the inferior epigastric vein drains into the external iliac vein and anastomoses from the superior epigastric vein. The primary function of these veins is to drain deoxygenated blood and return this blood to the heart.
What is the function of deep circumflex iliac artery?
The deep circumflex iliac artery gives off several perforating muscular, osseous and cutaneous branches. They contribute to the blood supply of the muscles of the anterolateral abdominal wall, the iliac crest and the skin overlying the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS).
What drains the Sartorius?
Venous drainage is provided by a cutaneous vein that drains into the saphenous system below the inguinal ligament. The SCIA pierces the fascia at the medial aspect of the Sartorius muscle, making the Sartorius a key landmark in identifying the pedicle during dissection.
Where is the superficial epigastric vein?
The superficial epigastric vein runs upward and medially and drains the skin up to the umbilicus. The superficial external pudendal veins run medially then pass in front of the spermatic cord and drain the skin of the external genitalia and the adjoining part of the lower abdominal wall.
Where is the circumflex vein located?
below the inguinal ligament. It ascends in front of the tibial malleolus and along the medial side of the leg in relation with the saphenous nerve. It runs upward behind the medial condyles of the tibia and femur and along the medial side of the thigh and, passing through the fossa ovalis, ends in the femoral vein.
What does the lateral circumflex femoral artery supply?
The lateral circumflex femoral artery is a short branch of the deep femoral artery. The main function of the lateral circumflex femoral artery is to supply blood to the hip joint, knee joint, parts of the femur, quadriceps femoris, tensor fasciae latae, as well as skin of the anterolateral aspect of the thigh.
What causes iliac vein compression?
Iliac vein compression syndrome, also know as May-Thurner syndrome (MTS), is caused by both mechanical and physiologic factors; the chronic pulsatile compression of the left common iliac vein (LCIV) by the right common iliac artery (RCIA) stimulates the formation of fibrotic adhesions that can cause partial or complete …
What does iliac vein mean?
: any of several veins on each side of the body corresponding to and accompanying the iliac arteries: a : either of two veins of which one is formed on each side of the body by the union of the external and internal iliac veins and which unite to form the inferior vena cava.
When should a common iliac artery aneurysm be repaired?
Repair of aneurysms exceeding 3.0 cm to 3.5 cm in diameter is recommended to prevent the risk of rupture. Rupture of common iliac artery aneurysms is associated with a risk of mortality approaching 70% (1–3).
What part of the body does the iliac artery supply?
The internal iliac artery supplies the pelvis, pelvic organs, reproductive organs, and the medial part of the thigh.