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## What is the difference between laminar transitional and turbulent flow?

While laminar flow is “orderly” turbulent flow is “Random” and “Chaotic”. It is also found that a flow in a pipe is laminar if the Reynolds Number (based on diameter of the pipe) is less than 2100 and is turbulent if it is greater than 4000. Transitional Flow prevails between these two limits.

What is one advantage and one disadvantage each for laminar flow and turbulent flow?

This is because laminar flow provides a lower heat and mass transfer rates. But in the the turbulent flow phenomenon where the fluid particles are chaotic in nature the flow behaviour reduces the film thickness which in turn decreases the resistance offered for heat and mass transfer.

### What affects laminar and turbulent flow?

Laminar flow or streamline flow in pipes (or tubes) occurs when a fluid flows in parallel layers, with no disruption between the layers. Turbulent flow is a flow regime characterized by chaotic property changes. This includes rapid variation of pressure and flow velocity in space and time.

What causes transition from laminar to turbulent flow?

Transition in a region of falling velocity in a steady stream arises from a separation of the laminar boundary layer from the surface; and after separation, the flow in the layer becomes turbulent and then rejoins the surface.

#### What happens during transitional flow?

Transitional flow is a mixture of laminar and turbulent flow, with turbulence in the center of the pipe, and laminar flow near the edges. Each of these flows behave in different manners in terms of their frictional energy loss while flowing and have different equations that predict their behavior.

What is a disadvantage of turbulent flow?

The disadvantages of turbulent flow depends on how turbulent the flow is. Cavitation, pecking on the casing, head losses are usual problems. Design modifications can be helpful to reduce its effects.

## What is better turbulent flow or laminar?

To conduct a precise measurement with this flow instrument, laminar flow is preferred. However, in practice you will encounter a turbulent flow quite often. A turbulent flow can be caused by restrictions in an installation, such as valves or adapters, in combination with a high velocity of the used fluid.

Which factors can cause turbulent flow?

First, any obstruction or sharp corner, such as in a faucet, creates turbulence by imparting velocities perpendicular to the flow. Second, high speeds cause turbulence. The drag between adjacent layers of fluid and between the fluid and its surroundings can form swirls and eddies if the speed is great enough.

### Is laminar flow faster than turbulent flow?

The Reynolds number is the ratio between inertia and viscous forces and features the flow speed at the numerator, so in this specific case turbulent flow is faster than laminar.

Where is transitional flow used?

“Transitional flow” can refer to transition in either direction, that is laminar–turbulent transitional or turbulent–laminar transitional flow. The process applies to any fluid flow, and is most often used in the context of boundary layers.

#### Which is faster laminar or turbulent flow?

A turbulent flow increases the amount of air resistance and noise; however, a turbulent flow also accelerates heat conduction and thermal mixing. Therefore, understanding, handling, and controlling turbulent flows can be crucial for successful product design.

## What happens to the laminar slip during a turbulent transition?

Osborne Reynolds described similar turbulent spots during transition in water flow in cylinders (“flashes of turbulence,” 1883). When many random vortices erupt as turbulence onsets, the generalized freezing of laminar slip (laminar interlocking) is associated with noise and a dramatic increase in resistance to flow.

When does a fluid transition to a laminar state?

Fluids that are in turbulent flow have a substantial amount of kinetic energy within them. As long as this energy persists, the flow will continue to be turbulent and irregular. Once the energy is used up, the flow transitions to a laminar state.

### What is the difference between laminar flow and turbulent flow?

Laminar Vs. Turbulent Flow. Laminar vs. turbulent flow can characterize how a fluid is moving, with laminar flow as more smooth orderly flow and turbulent flow as rough and chaotic. Laminar flow has a constant velocity at any point within the fluid, imagine similar to a constant flow of traffic.

Why are laminar flows important in the real world?

Real-world applications for laminar flows include any liquid flowing through a tube. This is because the dimensions of the tube or pipe stay constant and as a result, the volume of the fluid doesn’t have a chance to change. The laminar flow of air over the wing of an airplane is an important consideration when designing planes.