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How does longwall coal mining work?

How does longwall coal mining work?

Longwall mining is currently the main method of underground coal mining in Australia. This method removes all of the coal from the longwall face, and allows the roof and overlying rock to collapse into the void left behind. The coal is collected on a conveyer and transported to the mine’s processing facilities.

What is Pillaring and retreat mining?

Retreat mining is the removal of pillars in the underground mining technique known as room and pillar mining. In the first phase of room and pillar mining, tunnels are advanced into the coal or ore body in a rectangular pattern resembling city streets.

What is wongawilli mining method?

The “Wongawilli strip coal mining technology” is a new coal mining method for mining under surface structures. It combines the strip mining longwall layout and Wongawilli high efficient mining technology. The 1309 working face in Zhangcun coal mine as the research object.

What are the two methods for mining coal?

Surface mining and deep underground mining are the two basic methods adopted for mining coal. burial, density of the overburden and thickness of the coal seam. occurs at depths of 50 to 100 m are usually deep mined, but in some cases surface mining techniques can be used.

How does longwall mining compare to room and pillar mining?

Longwall has better resource recovery (about 80% compared with about 60% for room and pillar method), fewer roof support consumables are needed, higher volume coal clearance systems, minimal manual handling and safety of the miners is enhanced by the fact that they are always under the hydraulic roof supports when they …

Is room and pillar mining underground?

Cutters are then used to cut the deposits from the face of the equipment. Room and pillar mining is a common underground mining method for mining oil shale.

Is Wongawilli mine still open?

Wollongong closed the Wongawilli coking coal mine in NSW in April 2019 after NSW’s natural resources and mining regulator issued a prohibition notice for the firm to cease all mining following safety breaches.

What are the four methods of mining?

There are four main mining methods: underground, open surface (pit), placer, and in-situ mining.

  • Underground mines are more expensive and are often used to reach deeper deposits.
  • Surface mines are typically used for more shallow and less valuable deposits.

What is the most common technique for coal mining?

Surface/Opencast As one of the most popular methods of coal mining, the surface technique consists of five main forms: strip mining, open-pit mining, mountaintop removal, dredging and highwall mining.

Is room and pillar mining surface mining?

Room and pillar mining can be advantageous because it reduces the risk of surface subsidence compared to other underground mining techniques. It is also advantageous because it can be mechanized, and is relatively simple.

Is room and pillar mining surface or subsurface?

4.4. Underground mining techniques are vastly different than surface mining techniques. Some underground mining techniques include room and pillar mining, and long wall mining. Room and pillar mining is usually completed in flat dipping bedded ores.

What is the difference between room and pillar mining?

Room and pillar (variant of breast stoping), is a mining system in which the mined material is extracted across a horizontal plane, creating horizontal arrays of rooms and pillars. To do this, “rooms” of ore are dug out while “pillars” of untouched material are left to support the roof overburden.

What are the qualifications to be a coal miner?

The first step to becoming a coal miner is to obtain the necessary education, which includes completing a training course approved by the Mine Safety and Health Administration. New underground miners must receive a minimum of 40 hours of instruction, with 32 hours of the training in the classroom and eight hours at a mine site.

What are the methods of coal mining?

Coal is mined using one of two methods, underground or surface mining. Underground mines in the United States are typically operated using one of two different methods: room and pillar mining or longwall mining.

What is underground coal?

Underground coal mining is the extraction of coal from below the surface of the earth. The coal is worked through tunnels, passages, and openings that are connected to the surface for the purpose of the removal of the coal.