Who was the mortuary temple of Hatshepsut dedicated to?
Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut 1478/72-1458 B.C.E.) dates from the New Kingdom. It nestles at the foot of the cliffs in a natural “bay” on the West Bank of Luxor. This area had long been sacred to the goddess Hathor and was the site of the earlier mortuary temple and tomb of King Nebhepetre Mentuhotep (c.
What does Hatshepsut’s mortuary temple reveal about Hatshepsut?
The relief sculpture within Hatshepsut’s temple recites the tale of the divine birth of a female pharaoh – the first of its kind. The text and pictorial cycle also tell of an expedition to the Land of Punt, an exotic country on the Red Sea coast.
What was the purpose of the mortuary temple of Hatshepsut?
The Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut was known in antiquity as Djeser-Djeseru or the Holy of Holies. As with other grand Egyptian monuments, the purpose of the temple was to pay homage to the Gods and chronicle the glorious reign of its builder. The temple was commissioned in 1479 BCE and took around 15 years to complete.
Why did Hatshepsut build Deir el-Bahri?
The Temple was built to commemorate the achievements of the great Queen Hatshepsut (18th Dynasty), and as a funerary Temple for her, as well as a sanctuary of the god, Amon Ra. Today it’s known as the Temple of Deir El-Bahri, which means in Arabic, the “Temple of the Northern Monastery”.
Who was the first female pharaoh?
Did you know? Hatshepsut was only the third woman to become pharaoh in 3,000 years of ancient Egyptian history, and the first to attain the full power of the position. Cleopatra, who also exercised such power, would rule some 14 centuries later.
Why did Hatshepsut dress like a man?
Hatshepsut used male attire to style herself like so many great pharaohs before her. Hatshepsut was the longest reigning female pharaoh in Egypt, ruling for 20 years in the 15th century B.C. She is considered one of Egypt’s most successful pharaohs.
Why was Hatshepsut removed from history?
Queen Hatshepsut, a prolific builder who was a regent for her stepson, Thutmose III, was almost obliterated from history after he ascended the throne in the 15th century B.C. Thutmose, and then his son Amenhotep II, systematically removed her image from monuments, reliefs, statues, cartouches and the official list of …
Who is buried in Deir El Bahri?
The Deir el-Bahri Mummy Cache The Deir el-Bahri cache included mummies of the 18th and 19th dynasty leaders Amenhotep I; Tuthmose I, II, and III; Ramses I and II, and the patriarch Seti I. The KV35 cache included Tuthmose IV, Ramses IV, V, and VI, Amenophis III and Merneptah.
What is the wife of a pharaoh called?
The Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt were the supreme leaders of the land. They were like kings or emperors. The Pharaoh’s wife, or Queen of Egypt, was also considered a powerful ruler. She was called “the Great Royal Wife”. Sometimes women became the rulers and were called Pharaoh, but it was generally men.
What was a female pharaoh called?
Female pharaohs did not have a different title from male counterparts, but were simply called pharaohs.
Did people know Hatshepsut was a female?
Depicted (at her own orders) as a male in many contemporary images and sculptures, Hatshepsut remained largely unknown to scholars until the 19th century. She is one of the few and most famous female pharaohs of Egypt.
What did Hatshepsut call herself?
Lady of the Two Lands
As the years passed, however, Hatshepsut acted less like a temporary overseer and more like Egypt’s rightful ruler, referring to herself as “Lady of the Two Lands.” With Thutmose III nearing maturity—when he would officially assume the throne—she made a daring power play.
Where was the mortuary temple of Hatshepsut located?
The Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, also known as the Djeser-Djeseru ( Ancient Egyptian: ḏsr ḏsrw “Holy of Holies”), is a mortuary temple of Ancient Egypt located in Upper Egypt. Built for the Eighteenth Dynasty pharaoh Hatshepsut, it is located beneath the cliffs at Deir el-Bahari on the west bank…
When was the temple of Hatshepsut in Deir el Bahari discovered?
Polish research in the Temple of Hatshepsut in Deir el-Bahari was begun in 1961 by Prof. Kazimierz Michałowski. During excavations in 1962, the Temple of Tuthmosis III was discovered. At first, the Mission focused on reconstructing the third terrace of the Temple of Hatshepsut.
Where was Deir el Bahri located in Egypt?
This archaeological site is a complex of mortuary temples and tombs located on the west bank of the Nile. It is separated from the Valley of the Kings by the peak of el-Qurn and lies directly across the water from the temple complexes at Karnak and Luxor in Thebes.
Which is the most famous mortuary temple in Egypt?
One of the most famous of the mortuary temples at Deir el-Bahri is the Temple of Hatshepsut. Hatshepsut is arguably one of the most formidable women in ancient Egypt.