How would you describe kwashiorkor?
Kwashiorkor is a severe form of malnutrition. It’s most common in some developing regions where babies and children do not get enough protein or other essential nutrients in their diet. The main sign of kwashiorkor is too much fluid in the body’s tissues, which causes swelling under the skin (oedema).
What is kwashiorkor write its symptoms?
Kwashiorkor is a condition resulting from inadequate protein intake. Early symptoms include fatigue, irritability, and lethargy. As protein deprivation continues, one sees growth failure, loss of muscle mass, generalized swelling (edema), and decreased immunity. A large, protuberant belly is common.
What are the five symptoms of kwashiorkor?
The symptoms of kwashiorkor include:
- change in skin and hair color (to a rust color) and texture.
- loss of muscle mass.
- failure to grow or gain weight.
- edema (swelling) of the ankles, feet, and belly.
- damaged immune system, which can lead to more frequent and severe infections.
What are the three symptoms of kwashiorkor?
There are three forms of acute malnutrition: Marasmus: Severe weight loss and muscle wasting due to lack of nutrition and calories. Kwashiorkor: Swelling or edema due to water retention from lack of protein. Marasmic-kwashiorkor: A combination of muscle wasting and bilateral edema.
Is kwashiorkor an English word?
kwash•i•or•kor (kwä′shē ôr′kôr, -kər), n. [Pathol.] Pathologya malnutrition disease, chiefly of children, caused by severe protein and vitamin deficiency and characterized by retarded growth, changes in pigmentation, potbelly, and anemia.
What caused pellagra?
Pellagra is caused by having too little niacin or tryptophan in the diet. It can also occur if the body fails to absorb these nutrients. Pellagra may also develop due to: Gastrointestinal diseases.
What is difference between kwashiorkor and marasmus?
Marasmus occurrence increases prior to age 1, whereas kwashiorkor occurrence increases after 18 months. It can be distinguished from kwashiorkor in that kwashiorkor is protein deficiency with adequate energy intake whereas marasmus is inadequate energy intake in all forms, including protein.
Why do bellies bloat when starving?
To understand the reasoning for this, it is important to know that in malnourishment, the rounded abdomen is not due to fat accumulation. Instead, the water retention and fluid buildup in the body cause the abdomen to expand. This results in a bloated, distended stomach or abdominal area.
Why does kwashiorkor cause Oedema?
Kwashiorkor is a severe form of malnutrition associated with a deficiency in dietary protein. The extreme lack of protein causes an osmotic imbalance in the gastro-intestinal system causing swelling of the gut diagnosed as an edema or retention of water.
What food causes pellagra?
Primary pellagra is caused by diets low in niacin or tryptophan. Tryptophan can be converted to niacin in the body, so not getting enough can cause niacin deficiency. Primary pellagra is most common in developing countries that depend on corn as a staple food.
Who is most at risk for pellagra?
In the United States, individuals most at risk for developing pellagra are alcoholics, as a result of malnutrition. Both alcoholism and not consuming enough green vegetables, seafood, meat, and eggs commonly cause primary pellagra.