What is the objective genitive?
The Objective Genitive names the Direct Object of the action contained in another noun. 2. Certain adjectives commonly take an Objective Genitive because the meaning of the adjective is related to a verb’s action. 3. The Subjective Genitive names the Subject of the action contained in another noun.
What are the uses of the genitive case?
The genitive case is most familiar to English speakers as the case that expresses possession: “my hat” or “Harry’s house.” In Latin it is used to indicate any number of relationships that are most frequently and easily translated into English by the preposition “of”: “love of god”, “the driver of the bus,” the “state …
What is the Partitive genitive?
The partitive genitive case, or “the genitive of the whole,” shows the relationship of a part to the whole of which it is part. This quantity is part of a whole, which is expressed by a noun in the genitive case. “The simplest example is pars civitatis > ‘part of the state.
What is the difference between subjective and objective genitive?
If the genitive noun expresses the subject of the original verb, it’s a subjective genitive. If the genitive noun expresses the object of the original verb, it’s an objective genitive. As you point out, they can often only be distinguished by context. And the distinction isn’t always a particularly useful one.
What is a objective case?
Objective Case Pronouns Definition. An objective case pronoun is a pronoun being used as a direct object, an indirect object, or an object of a preposition. These include me, you, him, her, it, us, and them.
Is genitive a possessive?
“The genitive has also been called the possessive, since one of its meanings has been to denote the possessor of what is referred to by the second noun phrase, as in “The couple’s home.” But possession has to be interpreted liberally if it is to cover many instances of the genitive and the of-phrase.
How is genitive case assigned?
The genitive (possessive) Case is assigned to SpecDP by Spec-Head agreement (D has a feature [GEN] which agrees with a genitive Case DP in SpecDP). The case of the whole DP, however, is reflected in a pronoun in D. (D has a feature [ACC] which reflects the case assigned to the whole DP).
What is objective case example?
Object of a Preposition. (“Them” is the object of the preposition “from.” “Them” is the objective-case version of “they.”) In English, the objective case only affects personal pronouns (e.g., “I,” “he,” “she,” “we,” “they”). For example, “he” becomes “him,” and “they” becomes “them.”
Why do we use the genitive case in Latin?
Linguists who have studied this case have concluded that it is a convenient way of indicating relationships between nouns, or, put in more grammatical terms, the genitive case turns any noun into an adjective.” There are several categories of the genitive, depending mainly on their function.
When to use subjective genitive and objective genitive?
The terms “subjective genitive” and “objective genitive” come from the classical grammatical tradition (as opposed to modern linguistics), and are mostly used when analyzing texts in Latin and Greek.
What is the function of the partitive genitive?
There are several categories of the genitive, depending mainly on their function. The partitive genitive is one of these categories. The partitive genitive case, or “the genitive of the whole,” shows the relationship of a part to the whole of which it is part.
What do you call the subject of a sentence in Latin?
Nominative ( nominativus) : Subject of the sentence. Genitive ( genitivus) : Generally translated by the English possessive, or by the objective with the preposition of. Dative ( dativus): Indirect object.