How do you use the genitive case in German?
The genitive case in German will mostly be used to show possession, but can also be replaced by von+dative. Feminine nouns have no ending in the genitive case, while masculine and neutral nouns mostly take the ending -s or -es, sometimes also -(e)n. The adjective ending for the genitive will almost always be -en.
Is genitive case still used in German?
The genitive is still being used, especially in more formal contexts. So if you want to learn German beyond a basic level, it is not possible to avoid it. That being said, if you started to learn German just two weeks ago, there may be more important topics to learn before the genitive.
What is the genitive case in German examples?
The genitive case as part of a sentence (= genitive object) expresses that something/someone belongs to someone/something. For example: Ich fahre das Auto meines Bruders. (I’m driving my brother’s car.)
How do you use genitive case?
The basic use of the genitive case is to express a relationship between one noun and another noun, e.g. possession. It thus usually forms a noun phrase, hence my nickname, the “gregarious genitive, ” because it likes to hang out with other nouns.
What is the difference between genitive and possessive?
As adjectives the difference between possessive and genitive is that possessive is of or pertaining to ownership or possession while genitive is (grammar) of or pertaining to that case (as the second case of latin and greek nouns) which expresses origin or possession it corresponds to the possessive case in english.
How do I find my genitive case?
Genitive case signals a relationship of possession or “belonging to.” An example translation of this case into English might be from das Buch des Mannes to “the man’s book” or “the book of the man.” In English, possession is usually shown by either an ending (apostrophe + s) or with the preposition “of.” In German, the …
What is dative case German?
German. In general, the dative (German: Dativ) is used to mark the indirect object of a German sentence. For example: Ich schicke dem Mann(e) das Buch. (literally: I sent “to the man” the book.)
How do you express possession in German?
The genitive case is used to show possession. You use the genitive to show who something belongs to….The following words change in the same way as ein and kein:
- mein – my.
- dein – your (informal, singular)
- sein – his.
- ihr – her.
- unser – our.
- euer – your (informal, plural)
- Ihr – your (formal, singular and plural)
- ihr – their.
What is accusative case example?
The accusative case is a grammatical case for nouns and pronouns. It shows the relationship of a direct object to a verb. A direct object is the recipient of a verb. The subject of the sentence does something to the direct object, and the direct object is placed after the verb in a sentence.
What is genitive case example?
“Suzie’s toy” is an example of the genitive case and the possessive case. The toy belongs to Suzie (the toy of Suzie). This is an example of a noun possessing a noun using the apostrophe “-s” ending.
What is the difference between possessive and genitive case?
What is a possessive example?
Possessive pronouns include my, mine, our, ours, its, his, her, hers, their, theirs, your and yours. Here are some basic examples of possessive pronouns used in sentences: The kids are yours and mine. The house is theirs and its paint is flaking.
What does the genitive case mean in German?
The genitive case in English or in German shows a relationship between two nouns. The noun in the genitive case modifies (tells us something about) the other noun. The first noun is part of, connected to, belongs to, or depends on the noun in the genitive case.
How are the three genders indicated in der Genitiv?
Here are the the ways in which the three genders and their plurals are indicated as being in the genitive case: Note that the possessive adjectives ( mein, dein, sein, ihr, etc.) are not genitive in and of themselves. Nor is the interrogative wessen (= “whose”).
How are German speakers still using the genitive?
If you want to hear how native German speakers are still using the genitive in everyday speech, try FluentU. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons .
Is the genitive disappearing from the German language?
Germans will often assert that the genitive is disappearing from the language. It is certainly used less than one or two centuries ago, but it still occupies an important position. Primarily, the genitive designates a relationship between two nouns in which one of them belongs to the other.